Review and Progress

Biochemical Adaptability of the Relationship between Tropical Hard Corals and Photosynthetic Symbiotic Algae under Climate Change  

Xuesong Yang
Zhuji Anhan Biotechnology Co, Ltd, 311800, Zhuji, China
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Aquaculture, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/ija.2024.14.0001
Received: 08 Dec., 2023    Accepted: 25 Dec., 2023    Published: 01 Jan., 2024
© 2024 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Yang X.S., 2024, Biochemical adaptability of the relationship between tropical hard corals and photosynthetic symbiotic algae under climate change, International Journal of Aquaculture, 14(1): 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2024.14.0001)

Abstract

Tropical coral reefs, a vital component of the global marine ecosystem, are currently under threat from climate change factors such as rising temperatures, ocean acidification, and extreme weather events. High temperatures induce coral bleaching, resulting in the loss of their energy supply and an acceleration of metabolic rates, rendering them more vulnerable. Ocean acidification affects the formation of calcium carbonate skeletons in symbiotic algae and decreases photosynthetic efficiency, further exacerbating the risk of damage to the symbiotic algae in high-temperature conditions. Extreme weather events directly cause physical damage to corals and alter marine environments, reducing their chances of survival. This review focuses on the impact of climate change on the biochemical adaptability between tropical hard corals and photosynthetic symbiotic algae, exploring their ecological relationship, the influence of climate change on this relationship, and the adaptive mechanisms. Understanding the adaptive mechanisms between hard corals and symbiotic algae is crucial for developing conservation strategies and management plans to maintain the functionality and biodiversity of coral reef ecosystems. It also aids in ensuring the survival and prosperity of this delicate relationship under the challenges posed by climate change, allowing future generations to continue enjoying the magnificence of tropical coral reefs.

Keywords
Tropical hard corals; Photosynthetic symbiotic algae; Climate change; Biochemical adaptability; Marine conservation
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