Research Report

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon in Selected Fish of Shatt Al-Arab River, Iraq  

Hamid T. Al-Saad1 , Balqees S. Al-Ali2 , Luma J. Al-Anber2 , Dahfar D. Al-Khion2 , Abbas A. Hantoush2 , S.M. Saleh2 , A.H. Alaial2
1 College of Marine Science, University of Basrah, Iraq
2 Department of Marine Environmental Chemistry- Marine Science Center, University of Basrah, Iraq
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2017, Vol. 7, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2017.07.0001
Received: 08 Dec., 2016    Accepted: 09 Dec., 2016    Published: 10 Jan., 2017
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Al-Saad H.T., Al-Ali B.S., Al-Anber L.J., Al-Khion D.D., Hantoush A.A., Saleh S.M., and Aleal A.H., 2017, Total petroleum hydrocarbon in selected fish of Shatt Al-Arab River, Iraq, International Journal of Marine Science, 7(1): 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2017.07.0001)


This study represent the concentrations of TPH in six commercial Luciobarbus xanthopterus, Ctenophyngodon idella, Cyprinus carpio , Tilapia zillii, Palaniza abu and Leuciscus vorax from Shatt Al-Arab river. The highest concentrations of TPH were found in Leuciscus voraxin during Summer 21.52±3.41 μg/g (dry wt.) and the lowest in Tilapia zillii 2.47±0.33 μg/g (dry wt.), while highest concentrations during winter found in Cyprinus carpio 8.2±1.0 μg/g (dry wt.), which is more than other fishes and the low concentration 0.33 μg were found in Tilapia zillii  with level of 2.47±/g (dry wt.). The concentration in fish samples  ordering as the following: Luciscus vorax > Cyprinus carpio > Ctenophyngodon idella > Luciobarbus xanthopterus > Palaniza abu >  Tilapia zillii. This is may be due to the variety of fish feeding habitat and the season of reproduction , also the hydrocarbons found in the fish species of Shatt Al-Arab river are due to food and water sources, type of habitat, environmental factors, and lipid content.

Total petroleum hydrocarbons; Fishes; Shatt AL-Arab; Iraq
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International Journal of Marine Science
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. Hamid T. Al-Saad
. Balqees S. Al-Ali
. Luma J. Al-Anber
. Dahfar D. Al-Khion
. Abbas A. Hantoush
. S.M. Saleh
. A.H. Alaial
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