Review and Progress

Seasonal Changes and Influencing Factors of Floating Biological Communities on the Surface of the Ocean  

Linglong Shao1 , Mengyue Chen2 , Wei Wang2
1 Ningbo City Commercial Management Co, Ltd, Ningbo, 315000, China
2 Cuixi Academy of Biotechnology, Zhuji, 311800, China
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2024.14.0002
Received: 12 Dec., 2023    Accepted: 26 Dec., 2023    Published: 15 Jan., 2024
© 2024 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Shao L.L., Chen M.Y., and Wang W., 2024, Seasonal changes and influencing factors of floating biological communities on the surface of the ocean, International Journal of Marine Science, 14(1): 6-13 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2024.14.0002)

Abstract

Marine plankton is a special ecological group of marine plankton, which is a key component of the marine planktonic food web, material cycle, and energy flow. Its biomass level and population structure greatly affect the output rate of carbon cycle. Floating organisms mainly inhabit the surface layer of the ocean (including organisms inhabiting the surface facial mask and the air sea interface). Because this surface layer has a special physical and chemical environment and a complex and changeable community, and it is the place where many economic fish eggs and larvae are concentrated, it is of certain significance in theory and practice to study the community of marine surface plankton. This study focuses on the seasonal variation characteristics of marine floating organisms communities, specifically elaborating on the seasonal effects of light, temperature, salinity, and other human activities on surface floating organisms. Finally, it summarizes some relevant roles and protection strategies, providing scientific theoretical basis for marine ecosystem research.

Keywords
Floating organisms; Ecological community; Seasonal changes; Food web
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