Research Article

Physiological Response of Marine Organisms to Nuclear Pollution  

Chenhao Cai , Leibiao Zhang
Zhuji Hongkang Biotechnology Co., Ltd., Zhuji, 311800, China
Author    Correspondence author
International Journal of Marine Science, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/ijms.2024.14.0009
Received: 19 Feb., 2024    Accepted: 29 Mar., 2024    Published: 18 Apr., 2024
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Cai C.H., and Zhang L.B., 2024, Physiological response of marine organisms to nuclear pollution, International Journal of Marine Science, 14(2): 66-73 (doi: 10.5376/ijms.2024.14.0009)


Nuclear pollution refers to the presence of radioactive isotopes in the environment, usually caused by nuclear facility accidents, nuclear weapon testing, nuclear waste disposal, medical radiation therapy, and other nuclear activities. Nuclear pollution has always been an important concern in the global environmental field due to its potential harm to ecosystems and human health. The development of nuclear energy is still relatively common in some countries, which means that the safety management of nuclear energy facilities and nuclear waste disposal have become crucial. In order to prevent nuclear pollution, relevant personnel need to ensure the proper handling and storage of nuclear waste, and interdisciplinary researchers need to detect and study nuclear pollution globally to understand the spread and impact of nuclear pollution. This review delves into the physiological response of marine organisms to nuclear pollution, aiming to reveal the impact of nuclear pollution on marine ecosystems and the importance of ecology and environmental protection. The author also examined the sources and types of nuclear pollution, including natural nuclear radiation and anthropogenic nuclear pollution, as well as the types and release sources of different radioactive substances. While analyzing the distribution and transmission mechanism of nuclear pollution in the ocean, the focus is on the physiological response mechanism of marine organisms to nuclear pollution, including the regulation of DNA and cell damage, gene expression and protein synthesis caused by nuclear pollution, as well as the impact of nuclear pollution on the adaptation and resistance mechanisms of organisms. A deeper understanding of these physiological response mechanisms can help researchers better understand the long-term effects of nuclear pollution on organisms.

Nuclear pollution; Marine life; Reaction mechanism; Ecological impact; Physiological response
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